, a person commits criminal sexual contact if he has sexual contact other than penetration with another person when (1) the victim is under 13 years old; or (2) the victim is 13, 14, or 15 and the actor has supervisory or disciplinary power over the victim by virtue of the actor's legal, professional, or occupational status.
This crime is punishable by imprisonment for up to 18 months, a fine of up to $10,000, or both., a teacher or a person in a position of authority commits unlawful sexual relations if he engages in consensual sexual intercourse, lewd fondling or touching, or sodomy with a person who is not married to the offender if the person with whom the offender is engaging in these acts is 16 or 17 years of age and a student enrolled at the school where the offender is employed.
You asked whether other states, particularly in the Northeast, have enhanced criminal penalties or other provisions in their laws prohibiting consensual sex between an adult and a minor that apply specifically to cases involving a teacher and an elementary or secondary school student.
Most if not all states prohibit consensual sex between adults and minors below a certain age, with the age varying by state.
This crime is punishable by imprisonment for ten and 20 years, a fine of up to $200,000, or both.