The UK and Russia were early markets, where factories were later established improve the chances of gaining local contracts and to augment the output of the Swedish factory.
As Bell would not deliver equipment to competitors, he formed a pact with Ericsson to supply the equipment for his new telephone network.
In 1918 the companies were merged into Allmänna Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson. This was legal because the device was not patented in Sweden, although in the United States it had held patent 529421 since 1879.
Ericsson's equipment was sold mainly to free telephone associations in the Swedish countryside and in other Nordic countries.
The prices of Bell equipment and services led Henrik Tore Cedergren to form an independent telephone company called Stockholms Allmänna Telefonaktiebolag in 1883.
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