Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed.
Mining operations usually create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed.
Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay.
Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or created artificially in a laboratory or factory.
paid $48,000 as part of an undertaking for an alleged violation of Canada's Anti-Spam Law (CASL).