But despite blistering weather, wars and hostilities with Native Americans, the first Jews worked tirelessly, starting dry goods stores and banks and investing in mining and real estate.
Prominent Jewish pioneers Phillip Drachman and his cousin, Isaac Goldberg, opened a well-known general store in Tucson.
Louis, then followed the Santa Fe Trail to the territory’s new capital, Tucson.
Appel went on to lead a colorful life in the Wild West: He married a Catholic woman (there were no Jewish women in the territory), had ten children, and was a sheriff, saloon owner, wagon train leader and merchant.
Beth Israel Jewish Cemetery sits on land bequeathed in 1889 by Michael Wormser, a prominent French-born Jewish farmer and businessman.