If a paycheck is dated in December, that is the year the employee is considered to have received the pay, even if the paycheck hasn't been picked up yet.
This means that, when you are counting up months of disability prior to your application, you can include the month you became disabled in the count.
Calculating the Amount of Social Security Disability Back Pay The total amount of your Social Security back pay is the number of full calendar months between when you became disabled and the month in which you expect to receive your first check, minus five months, multiplied times the amount of your expected monthly Social Security disability payment.
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Remember to count your month of disability if you became disabled on the first or second day of the month.