The second stage of development lasts until around seven years of age.Children begin to use language to make sense of reality.Cognitivist teaching methods aim to assist students in assimilating new information to existing knowledge, and enabling them to make the appropriate modifications to their existing intellectual framework to accommodate that information.
Perry References Dissatisfaction with behaviorism’s strict focus on observable behavior led educational psychologists such as Jean Piaget and William Perry to demand an approach to learning theory that paid more attention to what went on “inside the learner’s head.” They developed a cognitive approach that focused on mental processes rather than observable behavior.
Common to most cognitivist approaches is the idea that knowledge comprises symbolic mental representations, such as propositions and images, together with a mechanism that operates on those representations.
Because learning is largely self-motivated in the cognitivist framework, cognitivists such as A. Other methods that have been suggested include the use of learning journals by students to monitor progress and highlight any recurring difficulties, and to analyze study habits.
The most influential exponent of cognitivism was Swiss child psychologist Jean Piaget.
From the ages of seven to twelve years, children begin to develop logic, although they can only perform logical operations on concrete objects and events.